|Japanese studies in Russia 2016/3 (Summary)|
Japanese studies in Russia 2016/3 : Summary
Pavlenko S.S. The formation of Japanese consular law system as a part of international law at the end of XIXth and the beginning XXth centuries
The article describes the main provisions of Japanese consular law at the end of XIXth and the beginning of XXth centuries. It characterises the content of the "Rules for Japanese Consul" in 1890 as the first Japanese consular statute. The main sources of its formation were the statutes of European countries and direct experience of consular offices in Japan. Owing to these factors the "Rules for Japanese Consuls" had a syncretic character. It is conveyed in the adaptation of Western countries' experience to local conditions and in specific objectives of activity of the institutions. As a result Japan has developed a specific system of consular law, which had significant difference from European international law.
Keywords: "Rules for Japanese Consuls", consular law, the consular's statute, Japan.
Author: Pavlenko Svetlana S., postgraduate student at the World History of Department, Dnipropetrovsk National University (72, Gagarin avenue, 49010, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine). E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Kazakov O.I. The Number of Foreigh Tourists in Japan in 2015 Beats all Records Regardless of the Attitude of the Japanese to Other Nations
For Japan 2015 is marked by a record number of foreign tourists which mounted to 19,7 million people. The number of visitors from China has increased by 107 %, whilst the share of those from Russia has dropped by 15 %. These trends are seen with only 15 % of the Japanese showing favorable attitude to China.
Keywords: Japan, China, USA, Russian-Japanese relations, foreign tourism, public opinion, «soft power».
Author: Kazakov Oleg I., Head of Department of Scientometrics and Information Technology, Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Dutkina G.B. "Nihon-no Kokoro" in the Mirror of Japanese Kaidan
The article is an attempt to analyze the genesis of Japanese kaidan genre ("a tale of extraordinary things" or "a story of weird and mysterious things") beginning from its origin in Edo period (1603 - 1867) till present time. The development of this classical story of the supernatural has some very specific features, which make us regard kaidan to be one of the archetypal models of Japanese literature and culture on the whole. Kaidan has got an extremely strong impact first from Chinese XIV century fantastic novel and then from Western mystic literature of the XIX century. Having absorbed the richness of Japanese folklore, this genre has produced a typically national peculiarity due to a very specific mechanism of cultural adaptation, which makes kaidan a bright phenomenon of Japanese culture of world scale. In our days kaidan continues to evolve due to mythological mentality of Japanese people, and vice a verse, it has been kaidan that helped to form some patterns of Japanese national character.
Keywords: kaidan, Japanese weird story, Japanese cinema, J-horror, apparitions, ghosts, yokai.
Author: Dutkina Galina B., PhD (Philology), «Russia-Japan society», Chairman of the Central Board. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Paramonov O.G. The Output of Japan to Global Arms Markets: the Political Aspect
During the implementation of the foreign policy doctrines of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, known as "proactive pacifism", the Japanese government has done considerable work on the revision of some self-restraint in Japanese defense policy, including the ban on the arms export.
The article is devoted to the analysis of Japan's first steps on the international arms market in context with their influence on regional security environment.
Keywords: arms export, Abe doctrine, missile defense, US-Japan alliance, proactive pacifism, new three principles.
Author: Paramonov Oleg G., Ph.D. (History), Researcher at the Center for East Asian and SCO Studies, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Katasonova E.L. Notes on the Japanese Cinema: All Shades of Pink
For the past 60 years pink films (pink-eiga) have represented the biggest film genre in Japan, being one of the most vital segments of Japanese film industry. Вut till present time most pink-eiga productions have gone unnoticed by film critics and film historians. Nevertheless, the importance of this genre for the Japanese cinema is beyond any doubt. Worldwide renowned film directors like Kurosawa Kiyoshi and Takita Yojiro, as well as experimental filmmakers, such as Zeze Takahisa and Sono Sion, have started with pink eiga.
Keywords: pink-eiga, ero-guro nonsence, low-budget film, independent production company, roman-porno, pink-violence.
Author: Katasonova Elena L., Doctor of Sciences (History), Head of the Center for Japanese Studies, Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Streltsov D.V. The System of Dominant Party in Japan: Some Lessons from Historical Experience
The article describes the characteristics of Japan's dominant party during the period of the "1955 system" (1955-1993). Special attention is drawn to the political technologies used by the ruling Liberal Democratic party in order to retain its dominance while maintaining all democratic procedures, including methods of electoral policies, methods of achieving consensus on the basis of an intra-party balance, image-making technologies by changing the party leadership, technologies of splitting the ranks of the opposition. The author concludes that one of the reasons for the resilience of Japan's dominant party phenomenon is "path dependence', which reproduces the nationwide political model in various historical circumstances.
Keywords: Liberal Democratic Party of Japan, "1955 system", dominant party system, electoral strategy, factions, "catch-all party", "path dependence".
Author: Streltsov Dmitry V., Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Oriental Studies, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation, Leading Researcher of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
Simonova-Gudzenko E.K. The Symposium "Isles of Gold revisited: New Approaches to Study Early Modern Maps"
The symposium "Isles of Gold revisited: New Approaches to Study Early Modern Maps" was held 28-30 June 2016 in Sainsbury Institute for Studying Japanese Art and Cultures (Norwich). Several libraries and art collections transferred as a gift have provided the basis of the research Institute of Japanese art. These are a library and collections of ceramics, ancient maps of Sir and Lady Hugh Cortazzi; library of the famous researcher of Japanese religions and folklore Carmen Blacker; libraries of well-known Japanese art specialists Yanagisawa Taka and Matsushita Takaaki, etc. The aim of the symposium according to the organizers idea was "to re-evaluate the legacy of Sir Hugh and Lady Cortazzi's Collection of Japanese maps for research on cartographic history". Cortazzi's collection featured in presentations was available for consultation and inspection. The symposium brought together researchers, curators and librarians, on the whole 10 presenters, 3 chairs and 18 discussants-attendees from different countries, universities. Papers presented covered the main problems of the history of Japanese cartography: the conflation of world views on Japanese maps (Max Moerman, Angelo Cattaneo, Elke Pepelitzki); regional and urban cartography (Uesugi Kazuhiro, Radu Leca, Richard Pegg); variety of images of Japan (Miyoshi Tadayoshi, Marcia Yonemoto).
On the last day the meeting was held at the British library, where several Japanese maps from the library's collection were specially displayed for symposium members. Among them were a map of Kyoto, the Buddhist map of the world, maps of Edo and other interesting maps, most matching paper's topics. The exposition was followed by discussion, comments and answers to questions.
Author: Simonova-Gudzenko Ekaterina K., Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Head of the Department of Japanese History and Culture, Institute of Asian and African Studies, Moscow State University. E-mail: Этот e-mail защищен от спам-ботов. Для его просмотра в вашем браузере должна быть включена поддержка Java-script
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